Welcome to Shree Krishna Govind International
SKGI is a marketing company with a singular focus on creating value for our clients. The firm is unique in its ability to offer a powerful combination of investments and advisory services, all designed to maximize value and wealth for our clients, no matter where they are in their business lifecycle. SKGI is a leading company that provides lithium mines investment services to a substantial client base that includes corporations, financial institutions, governments and individuals.The office is located in New Delhi.
WHAT WE DO
We advise companies to invest as a investor or invest in lithium mines for the supply of lithium products for their lithium ion battery plant.
We help our clients to transact so that jobs are created and economies can grow.
We help markets remain efficient and liquid, so investors and companies can meet their needs, whether to invest, raise money or manage risk.
We develop ideas and analysis that drive new perspectives, new products and new paths to growth.
SERVICES & CAPABILITIES
Our services are tailored to match the needs of market companies facing change and opportunities. Our collective experience with individual companies and investors, and our knowledge of specific markets, enables us to flawlessly execute M&A transactions and provide strategic advisory solutions.
Our experience is diverse. We look at things from a wide variety of different angles, allowing for a creative approach that allows us to realize value when others may not. SKGI recognizes a good transaction involves much more than merely closing the deal. It’s about maximizing value not just dollars.
The lithium battery market will be very tight in the next four to five years. The mass entry of electric vehicles will occur between 2019 and 2021, which will stimulate the industry's demand for batteries. Goldman Sachs expects lithium demand to increase from 220,000 tons in 2017 to about 800,000 tons per year by 2025.
The world’s demand for lithium extraction is growing every day and is especially driven by an increased lithium use in new consumer electronic battery technologies and electric cars.
How does lithium extraction work?
Commercial lithium arises from two major sources: underground brine deposits and mineral ore deposits. The methods of lithium extraction and processing vary depending upon the source material, and include the following:
Conventional lithium brine extraction
An overwhelming quantity of today’s lithium is extracted from liquid brine reservoirs that are located beneath salt flats, known as salars, most of which are located in southwestern South America and China.
Hard rock / spodumene lithium extraction
While accounting for a relatively small share of the world’s lithium production, mineral ore deposits yield nearly 20 tons of lithium annually. Well over 100 different minerals contain some amount of lithium, however, only five are actively mined for lithium production. These include spodumene, which is the most common by far, as well as lepidolite, petalite, amblygonite, and eucryptite.
Mineral ore deposits are often richer in lithium content than are salar brines, however, they are costly to access since they must be mined from hard rock formations. Due to the added energy consumption, chemicals, and materials involved in extracting lithium from mineral ore, the process can run twice the cost of brine recovery, a factor that has contributed to its smaller market share.
The process for recovering lithium from ore can vary based on the specific mineral deposit in question. In general, the process entails removing the mineral material from the earth then heating and pulverizing it. The crushed mineral powder is combined with chemical reactants, such as sulfuric acid, then the slurry is heated, filtered, and concentrated through an evaporation process to form saleable lithium carbonate, while the resulting wastewater is treated for reuse or disposal.
Salar brines can be described as underground reservoirs that contain high concentrations of dissolved salts such as lithium, potassium, and sodium. These are generally found below the surface of dried lakebeds known as salars.
Lithium is traditionally processed from brine, spodumene, and clay. But there are new forms may make extraction easier as technology continues to develop.
What Is Lithium?
Lithium is a metal commonly used in batteries like the rechargeable ones found in laptops, cellphones and other digital devices. The metal is also used in aircraft manufacturing and for certain mental health medications. When made into lithium carbonate, it can treat bipolar disorder.
It was first discovered in 1817 by Swedish chemist Johan August Arfwedson. Arfwedson, though, wasn't able to isolate the metal when he realized petalite contained an unknown element. In 1855, British chemist Augustus Matthiessen and German chemist Robert Bunsen were successful in separating it.
It is one of the lightest and softest metals known to man. In fact, it can be cut with a knife. And because of its low density, lithium can even float in water
Lithium Premier Production Locations
Due to the drier, desert-like geology of South America, Chile and Bolivia have become viable locations for lithium development and production. As of 2008, South America as a whole accounted for 60% of world output of lithium, closely followed by Australia and China, which combined to produce 30%. Two-thirds of that production was from the salt brines around the world, and one-third came from lithium pegmatites. Some pegmatites from Australia, Canada, and Zimbabwe continue to contain high-grade spodumene and petalite, remaining important sources of lithium for local industries within these countries
Over the last decade, we have been faced with the growing concern of global warming, and a shift in the mindset how we can produce new forms of energy. Lithium is one of those new forms. Due to development and research done on the lithium battery, advances have been made which increase the efficiency of the battery, and the safety of the product. A marked shift towards hybrid and electric cars in the public eye has been supplemented by government initiatives. This mass adoption will only serve to increase the emphasis put on lithium development and technology. Already, lithium batteries enjoy several advantages over the current Nickel Metal batteries including higher energy and power densities, higher useful capacity, greater charge efficiency, lower self-discharge rates and a longer operating life.
To that end, almost every major car manufacturer currently has a lithium battery project in the pipeline and those who support a greener future have pushed for lithium batteries to become the standard in powering the vast majority of electric cars from 2011 onwards.